Health

Galahad

BULLDOG HEALTH

Like any other breed, bulldogs may be prone to a variety of health problems. Before you buy a puppy, ask the breeder about problems in his bloodlines. Get copies of veterinarian records and contact the vet for verification. Hopefully he will be honest with you. Ideally, you should be able to meet both the Sire and the Dam, or at least view their AKC Pedigrees and see photographs. Even if both parents are healthy, a puppy can develop any one of the more common health problems from several generations back. This is why buying a puppy should be done with lots of research and not on the spur of the moment. NEVER buy a bulldog puppy from a pet store.

Bulldog health problems, some life-threatening, that may be encountered include an elongated soft palate, small tracheas, allergies, dermatitis, demodectic mange, ectropion and entropion (eyelid anomalies), stenotic nares, hip dysplasia problems, cherry eye, and heart problems.

The average life span of a bulldog is about 8 to 11 years with some living past 12 years.

Not all veterinarians are knowledgeable when treating bulldogs and their idiosyncrasies. It is best that you have a veterinarian that your breeder uses or recommends or get a reference from someone in your area that has bulldogs.

In order to be eligible to show in the conformation ring, a bulldog must have had no cosmetic surgery. His tail must not be altered and his dew claws must be intact. If the dog has been injured and requires corrective surgery, AKC accepts it as legal. His toenails need trimming at least twice a month, his ears and wrinkles frequent cleaning, and he will need an occasional bath, but always one before exhibition. Clean and dry his “tail pocket” daily or as needed. For exhibition, his whiskers should be clipped.

Always provide your bulldog with clean, cool, fresh water and a consistent, nutritious diet. Human scraps are not advised for bulldogs, who are prone to “gas.” High quality food, especially ones containing Omega 3 & 6, are best for bulldogs. Many foods, including macadamia nuts, can be lethal to bulldogs.

COMMON MEDICAL PROBLEMS

Skin Wrinkle Infections (skin fold pyoderma)

Skin Wrinkle Infections

This infection can be found as tail-fold pyoderma in bulldogs (screw tails). The usual signs are irritation and inflammation of the skin, causing discomfort to the dog and “scooting.” The moist skin becomes infected and gives off a foul odor. Relief is obtained by bathing the skin with a surgical soap, being sure to thoroughly clean the skin under the tail. This may entail using your finger with a washcloth saturated in the surgical soap and inserting behind the screws of the tail to the skin underneath. It may be painful to the dog, so care must be taken. Once cleaned, rinse thoroughly to remove all soap residue and dry as much as possible. An antibiotic steroid cream (such as Panalog Cream) may then be applied to the affected area. Another method of treatment is to use a powder (McKillips, Gold Bond, etc.) and, holding the tail out of the way as much as possible, shake or pour the powder in so it reaches the skin under the tail. These treatments should be repeated on a continuing basis, as needed.

Bulldogs are prone to wrinkle infections on their faces, particularly under the nose wrinkle. As a grooming device, clean the wrinkles regularly (daily is recommended) and apply a light layer of ointment to the area to prevent infection from setting in. A commonly used ointment would be baby diaper rash ointments such as Balmex, Aveeno, etc. (Find one that does not irritate your dog.) .

The wrinkle and fold under the dog’s eyes may also be a source of infection and/or discoloration (rust). This is normally caused by tearing of the eyes or even eyelashes which grow inward (entropion). Left untreated, this can lead to eye ulcerations and dry eye. Keeping that area as dry as possible is essential to avoid this problem. Carefully using rash ointment in the fold after cleaning or a light layer of Vasoline should help alleviate this problem. If not, you should consult a veterinary ophthalmologist. Plucking the lashes or surgery may be necessary. Either of these procedures should be done by an experienced veterinarian. (NOTE: OCCASIONALLY CHANGING THE DOG’S DIET MAY ALSO TAKE CARE OF THIS PROBLEM.

DO NOT GET MEDICATION INTO THE EYES!

Acute Moist Dermatitis (pyotraumatic dermatitis)

Acute Moist Dermatitis

Pyotraumatic dermatitis (hot spots) are warm, painful, swollen patches of skin which exude pus and give off a foul odor. These circular patches appear suddenly and enlarge rapidly, often within a few hours. Hair is lost rapidly. It is a bacterial skin infection which progresses through self-mutilation. Fleas, ear and anal gland problems, skin irritants, allergies, and other factions are probably responsible for initiating the cycle. Hot spots are common and appear on the neck, ears, chest, rump and flanks. Early detection and cleaning and application of an antibiotic cream is required. If a black crust appears, additional attention may be needed as it may be a staph infection and should be referred to a veterinarian for treatment.

Demodectic (red) Mange

Demodectic (red) Mange

Demodectic mange is an inflammatory skin disease in dogs in which a larger number than normal demodectic mites inhabit visible skin lesions. The mite is present in very small numbers in most healthy dogs. At times the mites take the opportunity to colonize the hair follicles and populate the skin in large numbers. Bulldogs are particularly susceptible, usually a symptom of a lowered immune system. A veterinarian should be consulted to obtain proper medication to treat and bathe the dog as early as possible. Treatment normally takes four to eight weeks, depending on the severity of the outbreak.

Red mange occurs most often in young dogs 3 months to 1 year old; however, the disease can start spontaneously in dogs as old as 12 years. The disease may consist of one bald patch that eventually disappears or it can spread over the entire body and become complicated by generalized infection which develops when the dog’s natural immune response is depressed.

This can be a minor problem if treated early; however, if it is left without proper treatment, will only get worse and, possibly, result in the death of the dog.

Puppy Dermatitis (impetigo and acne)

This is a mild surface skin infection found in young dogs under 12 months of age. There are two typical conditions: Impetigo and Acne:

impetigo

Impetigo (or milk rash) can be recognized by finding pus-filled blisters on the hairless parts of the abdomen and groin. These rupture easily, leaving thin brown crusts.

Acne

Acne is found on the chin and lower lip, or occasionally in the genital area, the perineum or the groin. It is identified by finding purplish-red bumps which come to a head and drain pus (like pimples or blackheads). The condition is more common among dogs with oily skins. The condition is sometimes found in older dogs on their chins. Avoid using plastic food or water dishes which seem to make the problem worse.

Both need to have the areas cleaned with a surgical soap (Weladol, Chlorhexiderm, Phisohex, etc.), rinsed thoroughly, dried and an antibiotic cream applied (Panalog).

BULLDOGS AND HOT & COLD WEATHER

Hot or cold weather is detrimental to your Bulldog!

Bulldogs and hot weather are two things that don’t mix well. Because of the bulldog’s throat anatomy, excessive panting is quite dangerous. When the throat becomes irritated from too much panting, it can swell shut, causing suffocation. The preventive measures you take beforehand will be well worth your time. Here are a few:

Misters and kiddie pools are great ways to kep your bully cool.

Misters and kiddie pools are great ways to kep your bully cool.

Heatstroke can result from overexposure to the sun, strenuous or too much exercise in hot weather, or from being in a car on a hot day. Being confined in a building, room or crate without adequate ventilation/cooling is dangerous.

Some symptoms of heatstroke may include difficulty breathing, panting, foaming at the mouth, thick stringy saliva, noisy breathing, tongue hanging out, collapse, or unconsciousness.

During hot weather, to avoid heatstroke, keep your bully in the coolest location you have to offer. If you have air conditioning in your home, keep him inside. If you don’t, you can wet him down and keep an electric fan circulating air. Put ice cubes in his water; put a “kiddy pool” in your back yard for him filled with a few inches of water (and teach him how to use it). In extreme cases, a cool basement may be sufficient. A tree in your back yard it not going to be sufficient to keep the dog cool. You must take extra steps to accomplish this.

We all know how dangerous being confined in a car on a hot day is for people and animals. Well, this goes DOUBLE for bulldogs! On an 85 degree day, the inside of a car (even with windows partially rolled down) will heat up to 102 degrees in ten minutes. In thirty minutes, it will go up to 120 degrees. On warmer days, it will go even higher. LEAVE YOUR BULLY HOME ON SUCH DAYS, but if you must take him with you, be prepared. Use the air conditioning if you have it; wet him down with lots of water before you leave home and take along a good supply of water and ice, including a spray bottle to redampen him if necessary. A wet towel for him to lie on will also be helpful. It is a good idea to carry a squeeze bottle of lemon juice or a can of 7-UP to help clear phlegm from the bully’s throat if needed to avoid respiratory distress.

If your bulldog is overcome with heat exhaustion, immediate first aid on your part could be lifesaving. You must immediately bring the body temperature down. The best way to do this is to immerse in cold water. Get the dog into your bathtub/shower and run cold water over him or take him into the yard and run the hose over him. A cold compress on his head will help reduce swelling of the brain (which can cause brain damage). Normal body temperature for a bulldog is 101.5 degrees, so take his temperature and see how close to normal it is. If he is gagging on thick saliva or phlegm, use the aforementioned lemon juice or 7-UP to cut it. Then use a paper towel to clear out the throat. If his tongue is swollen, causing a blockage of air flow, use a paper towel to grab hold of it (The towel will give you a better grip.) and pull the tongue out, allowing air flow again. These are just emergency first aid tips only. The most important thing you must do is to: GET YOUR BULLY TO THE VET’S OFFICE IMMEDIATELY.

Bundle your bully up if he is going out into the cold.

Bundle your bully up if he is going out into the cold.

For your bulldog’s sake, and your own, take the necessary precautions during warm weather. If you tempt fate by not making sure he stays cool, you could very well end up with a dead pet! Bulldogs love to play in the snow, but can catch ice between their toes which can “burn” their skin. They can also suffer from hypothermia. Be sure to limit your bully’s time outdoors in cold weather.

 Authored by Jean Simmons, MLBC member.

Additional comments contributed by SBC Members.

P.S.

~Bulldogs must have their claws clipped every two weeks. A dremel tool may work best in most cases. Clipping on a regular basis when your bully is a puppy will get him accustomed to the procedure.

~Tails and facial wrinkles should be cleaned daily.

~Never pick up a bulldog by scooping him up under his front arms. The shoulder can easily become dislocated that way. Bulldogs are top-heavy and must be lifted carefully with one arm under the face & neck along to the chest and the other arm across the chest so they do not fall on their head.

~Most bulldogs do not swim, so make sure they have a dog life vest if going on a boat, swimming pool, or beach. Bulldogs can drown in only a few inches of water, so take care.

~Bulldogs do not need a lot of exercise, but they do need a lot of human contact.

~Bulldogs are very sensitive. Please never shout at or hit a bulldog. Use praise and consult a professional obedience trainer for advice.

~Always supervise children around your bulldog. Many bulldogs have been injured by children who do not understand how to be gentle with them.

NINE YEARS OF SERVING AND SAVING BULLDOGS!!! 

The Sierra Nevada Bulldog Club has proudly served North-Western Nevada and North-Eastern California since founded in March of 2005. Our club is open to all bulldog lovers and their families, no matter where they live.

Our club’s area will always include the entire Lake Tahoe region, North-eastern California and North-western Nevada. Visitors are always welcome.

Dog Pool Day
Saturday, Sep 20, 2014, 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM
Location: Burnt Cedar Beach
665 Lakeshore Blvd
Incline Village, NV 89451
more info: www.ivgid.org
or call 775-230-0092

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